Restoring performance after Spectre updates

Two weeks ago, the VPS that hosts this site moved to a machine that had been patched for the Spectre vulnerabilities. Immediately, I began receiving warnings about high load, and these alerts continued unabated for over a week. I tried moving services to other hosts, and I reduced the resources allocated to nginx and php-fpm, all to no avail.

As I continued to monitor and debug the situation, fail2ban regularly appeared among the top resource consumers, but I didn’t think much of it; fail2ban has always been a voracious resource user, but it’s an indispensable tool, so removing it wasn’t an option.

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A Better dyndnsd Client

Previously, I used curl to trigger dyndnsd updates via my Raspberry Pis. This worked well for many months, but lacked IPv6 support as dyndnsd was interpreting my IP from the request. Fortunately, the daemon accepts parameters for IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, so I wrote a Go program to handle regular updates. It still relies on cron, but passes explicit IP values and moves all options to a configuration file.

The client is available from I don't provide built binaries yet, but I'd like to soon.

If your ISP doesn't support IPv6, or if you run multiple daemons on the same network, options are available for your situation. Take a look at the readme for more.

Hopefully someone else finds this useful!

GitLab on the move again

After a few successful months of testing, I've once again moved The decision was purely financial–my GitLab instance doesn't receive enough traffic to warrant's pricing. As far as reliability and value were concerned, was excellent. I would've appreciated built-in backups, but otherwise, I have no complaints about the service.

It will likely come as little surprise that is back on Linode. Compared to Digital Ocean, Linode is slightly more-generous with its resources, and GitLab wants all the resources it can get.

The migration itself was quite easy, with most of the time was spent preparing the server; GitLab's backup/restore process did most of the hard work. Now I just have to finish the ancillary setup, like monitoring.

Managing domain and certificate expiration with DomainMOD

With 40 domains–plus a half dozen certificates–to track, I added the DomainMOD tool to my repertoire. Its API integrations, in particular, made it an appealing choice, as I had little desire to manually enter so many details. After three months, I’m quite pleased with my decision.

Installation was as straightforward as a git checkout, creation of a MySQL table, and the addition of a server block to my nginx configuration. With DomainMOD successfully running, I configured it to use my mailserver, then got to importing my domains.

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Abandoning StartSSL

After Mozilla’s devastating report, and both Chrome and Firefox’s decision to stop trusting StartSSL certificates issued after October 28, I had no choice but to replace the certificates I’d obtained through StartSSL.

The process took a few months, mainly due to the associated costs. While most of my StartSSL certificates were replaced with ones issued by Let’s Encrypt, there were a few cases where LE wasn’t appropriate. This primarily impacted domains that have many, many subdomains, however there were also a few cases where Let’s Encrypt’s three-month duration would’ve been burdensome. Ultimately I had to purchase three wildcard certificates, plus three single-domain certificates. With those installed, I’m now free of StartSSL/Wosign. After sixty days, I can rotate the pinned keys, impeding any further use of my legacy StartSSL certificates.